Cerebral vascular accident (CVA), or stroke, affects 795,000 individuals each year and is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States, killing 140,000. Approximately 87% of all strokes are the ischemic-type. Additionally, it is the leading cause of serious long-term disability. Individuals who suffer stroke often have communication challenges, dysphagia, pain, edema, depression, limitations in mobility, and impaired functional ability.1,2
Opioids are commonly prescribed for acute and chronic pain, including after surgeries such as THR, TKR, and ORIF. Opioids have numerous side effects and a high potential for misuse. Over-reliance on opioids for acute and chronic pain management has led to alarming trends across the United States, including a record number of people developing opioid use disorders, overdosing on opioids, and dying from overdoses. From 2015 to 2017, the annual number of opioid-related deaths rose 44% from 33,000 to 47,600.¹
According to the CDC, falls are not only a serious health risk, they carry a high economic burden as well. For older adults in the US, fall mortality rates have increased by 30% from 2007 to 2016. In 2015, the total medical cost for falls was more than $50 billion with Medicare and Medicaid accounting for 75% of these costs. The statistics related to falls are astounding. Each year:¹
• Three million older adults are treated in emergency departments for fall injuries
• 800,000+ patients are hospitalized due to a fall-related injury, most often head injury or hip fracture
• A typical nursing home with 100 residents reports about 100-200 falls
– 35% of injuries due to falls occur in residents who do not ambulate
• 24% (most common cause) of falls among elderly nursing home residents are due to muscle weakness and gait problems, whereas 16-27%, on average, are due to environmental hazards
Proper trunk positioning is an essential component of optimal aerobic capacity training. Poor positioning of the head, neck, shoulders, trunk, and pelvis during aerobic exercise may compromise an individual’s ability to reach optimal functional outcomes.
Increasing emphasis on the value of care over the volume of care provides opportunity to incorporate different therapy delivery modes. Therapy delivered in a group format offers benefits over traditional one-on-one therapy that include increased socialization, independence with exercise, and improved transference of learning.
Topics: Clinical Tip
Gersten’s 1955 article on the effect of ultrasound on tendon extensibility began six decades of continuous published research, which has demonstrated the tried and true benefits of ultrasound. 1 These benefits include pain reduction, a high degree of patient comfort and acceptability, increased cellular microcirculation, relaxation of trigger points and improved collagen extensibility. All of these physiological benefits are dependent on proper dosage and application technique. Ultrasound can provide both mechanical and thermal effects. An effective, skilled ultrasound treatment requires the use of high-quality ultrasound equipment, evidence-based patient-specific parameters, the appropriate treatment area, proper transducer movement speed, and optimal incorporation of the treatment with other therapy procedures.
Shoulder range of motion, strength, and function are vital to self-care and everyday activities such as dressing, bathing, lifting and carrying items, and putting away groceries. With advanced age individuals may experience a variety of shoulder impairments including arthritis, rotator cuff tears, impingement, and fractures. These issues can result in pain, decreased motion, impaired strength, and reduced function.
IFC has been shown to be effective for treating multiple types of pain in locations throughout the body.1,2 Both traditional IFC and PREMOD IFC can be done at sensory and motor levels. Sensory settings provide segmental pain relief that is fast-acting and lasts for several hours. Motor stimulation tends to be slower-acting, but may relieve pain for up to 8 hours via segmental and systemic pain modulation. Available options in the OmniStim® Pro and OmniVersa® electrical stimulation devices include:
Stroke is a common diagnosis in rehabilitation and resultant visual field disorders can be a significant barrier to a successful rehabilitation program.