The Pulse

60 Years of Evidence Based Practice: Ultrasound Application, Parameters, and Dosimetry

Posted by ACP on Jan 8, 2019 10:05:03 AM

Gersten’s 1955 article on the effect of ultrasound on tendon extensibility began six decades of continuous published research, which has demonstrated the tried and true benefits of ultrasound. 1 These benefits include pain reduction, a high degree of patient comfort and acceptability, increased cellular microcirculation, relaxation of trigger points and improved collagen extensibility. All of these physiological benefits are dependent on proper dosage and application technique. Ultrasound can provide both mechanical and thermal effects. An effective, skilled ultrasound treatment requires the use of high-quality ultrasound equipment, evidence-based patient-specific parameters, the appropriate treatment area, proper transducer movement speed, and optimal incorporation of the treatment with other therapy procedures.

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Pain Management, Orthopedic

Physical Agent Modality Options to Reduce Edema In Subacute Rehab

Posted by ACP on Dec 18, 2018 9:58:11 PM
If post-surgical or post-traumatic edema is present, a primary therapy goal is to reduce it. Edema increases pain, decreases  muscle force output in the affected limb, and retards tissue healing. Below are four ways to address edema by increasing local  circulation with physical agent modalities.
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Topics: Clinical Tip, Orthopedic, Pain Management

Shoulder Rehabilitation Using Isometrics and Biophysical Agents

Posted by ACP on Dec 16, 2018 8:32:06 PM

Shoulder range of motion, strength, and function are vital to self-care and everyday activities such as dressing, bathing, lifting and carrying items, and putting away groceries. With advanced age individuals may experience a variety of shoulder impairments including arthritis, rotator cuff tears, impingement, and fractures. These issues can result in pain, decreased motion, impaired strength, and reduced function.

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Orthopedic, Pain Management

Traditional Interferential Current (IFC) orPremodulated (PREMOD) IFC for Pain Relief

Posted by ACP on Dec 8, 2018 9:14:35 AM

IFC has been shown to be effective for treating multiple types of pain in locations throughout the body.1,2 Both traditional IFC and PREMOD IFC can be done at sensory and motor levels. Sensory settings provide segmental pain relief that is fast-acting and lasts for several hours. Motor stimulation tends to be slower-acting, but may relieve pain for up to 8 hours via segmental and systemic pain modulation. Available options in the OmniStim® Pro and OmniVersa® electrical stimulation devices include:

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Pain Management

OmniVR® “Virtual Reality” and Visual Field Deficits

Posted by ACP on Dec 3, 2018 6:35:37 PM

Stroke is a common diagnosis in rehabilitation and resultant visual field disorders can be a significant barrier to a successful rehabilitation program.

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Topics: Neuro Rehab, Clinical Tip

Optimizing Head, Neck and Trunk Positioning to Impact Swallow Performance and Safety

Posted by ACP on Nov 15, 2018 9:59:00 AM
Swallow efficacy and safety are influenced by more than oropharyngeal muscle strength and performance. Head and neck positioning and posture can have a significant impact on an individual’s ability to effectively and safely swallow. Poor positioning can develop as a result of advanced age, neurologic impairment, and musculoskeletal involvement. The incidence of postural malalignment of the head, neck, and shoulders is increasing as a result of repetitive poor positioning with the use of computers and hand-held devices.
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Topics: Clinical Tip, Dysphagia

Application of Biophysical Agents Over Acupoints for the Treatment of Pain

Posted by ACP on Oct 22, 2018 4:47:05 PM

Acupuncture has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. Over the past few decades, the practice of acupuncture has been accepted in the United States for the treatment of various conditions, including pain management. Traditional acupuncture treatment involves inserting needles at various well-defined points known as “acupoints”. In contrast to needles, research demonstrates that the stimulation of acupoints with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and therapeutic ultrasound also reduces pain1, 2.  

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Pain Management

Treating Hip External Rotators and Abductors to Improve Function

Posted by ACP on Oct 16, 2018 11:04:53 AM
The primary function of the hip is to support the weight of the body in both static standing and dynamic activities such as walking, stair climbing, running and sports. Hip weakness can decrease mobility, stability, and increase risk of injury. The external or lateral rotators are a group of six small deep hip muscles which arise from the sacrum & pelvis and insert on or about the greater trochanter, where they act to externally rotate the femur in the hip joint adding stability during functional mobility.
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Topics: Clinical Tip, Orthopedic

Standing Balance Rehabilitation

Posted by ACP on Sep 10, 2018 10:36:53 AM

The ability of an individual to maintain balance while performing everyday activities is necessary to prevent falls. Therapists treating patients with balance impairments may use a variety of techniques to address identified deficits in strength, range of motion, and/or coordination.

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Fall Prevention & Balance

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) of the Ankle

Posted by ACP on Sep 7, 2018 2:03:24 PM

Ankle range of motion, strength, and coordination are critical in standing balance and gait. Patients with a wide range of diagnoses (CVA, PD, MS, COPD, TKA, THA, generalized weakness, etc.) have impaired ankle balance strategies and diminished walking ability. The use of functional electrical stimulation combines targeted e-stim with functional activity to improve strength and coordination. The studies below illustrate some of the benefits.

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Topics: Fall Prevention & Balance, Clinical Tip

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