The Pulse

Management of Tone with Biophysical Agents

Posted by ACP on Dec 3, 2019 5:02:00 PM

Hypertonia is defined as excessive muscle tone which leads to stiffness with movement or inability to move a joint and often occurs with neurological conditions such as upper motor neuron lesions (CP, CVA, TBI, SCI, MS) and basal ganglia disorders (PD, Huntington
disease, Dystonia). While the terms spasticity and hypertonia are often used interchangeably, spasticity is actually a subtype of hypertonia in which muscle tone is increased by the speed of joint movement. (NIH, 2019)

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Neuro Rehab

Decreasing Pain and Improving Functional Mobility with Electrical Stimulation and Exercise

Posted by ACP on Oct 28, 2019 8:33:47 PM

Patient Information: Male, Age 49

Diagnosis: Pneumonia / Neuropathy

History: This gentleman was found by EMS unable to get out of bed and covered in soiled bedding with insect infestation, and reported he hasn’t been out of bed for “quite some time.” He
was admitted to the hospital with pneumonia, then transferred to a skilled nursing facility
for rehabilitation services.

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Topics: Pain Management, Patient Success Story, Neuro Rehab

Reducing Contractures with Skilled Therapy Interventions

Posted by ACP on Oct 28, 2019 5:05:21 PM

Range of motion (ROM) deficits may affect an individual’s ability to move, care for themselves, or perform typical daily activities including self-feeding, walking, and dressing. Decreased ROM is a common deficit addressed regularly by rehab professionals in all settings. Contractures arise from shortened muscle or other joint structure restrictions, leading to reduction in mobility and deformity with resultant reduced function.
• Prevalence of contractures in nursing homes is estimated at 55% with significant functional and medical consequences. (Offenbächer, 2014)
• Patients who are immobilized for a prolonged period are at risk of developing joint contractures, which often affect functional outcomes. (Born, 2017)

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Orthopedic, Neuro Rehab

Core Set of Outcome Measures Across a Range of Populations

Posted by ACP on Aug 27, 2019 4:32:38 PM

The use of outcome measures has become the standard of care to objectively assess changes in function, quantify clinical observations, enhance interdisciplinary communication, and examine intervention effectiveness at the patient and practice levels. Inconsistent use of outcome measures remains an issue due to difficulty identifying the most suitable measures based on patient diagnosis, acuity of condition, or practice setting.

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Neuro Rehab

Improving Cognition Involving Safety Awareness, Memory, and Attention using Virtual Reality in Therapy

Posted by ACP on Jun 21, 2019 12:46:05 PM

Patient Information: Male, Age 57

Diagnosis: Cognitive Communication Deficit / Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease /
Chronic Heart Failure

History: This gentleman was admitted to a skilled nursing facility and referred to speech therapy for decreased cognitive function and failure to thrive following bilateral above knee amputations. Previously, the gentleman lived at home.

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Topics: Patient Success Story, Neuro Rehab

Using Electrical Stimulation to Manage Complications of Diabetes

Posted by ACP on Jun 18, 2019 6:21:12 PM

It is estimated that over 30 million individuals (9.4%) in the US population has diabetes, while more than one in four do not know they have the disease. A staggering 84.1 million adults have pre-diabetes and, of these individuals, 9 out of 10 are unaware of the condition. Diabetes affects multiple parts of the body and causes many complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney dysfunction, diabetic neuropathy, orthopedic problems, gum disease, and eye disease. Managing blood glucose levels, a healthy lifestyle and physical activity can help prevent these complications.¹

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Topics: Pain Management, Clinical Tip, Neuro Rehab

Improving Strength and Functional Mobility After a Stroke Using Electrical Stimulation and Exercise

Posted by ACP on May 20, 2019 8:21:30 PM

Patient Information: Male, Age 71

Diagnosis: Stroke / Left Hemiparesis

History: This gentleman suffered a stroke causing hemiparesis (muscle weakness) to his left leg and arm. After spending a week and a half in the ICU and an additional three weeks in inpatient rehabilitation, he received six weeks of outpatient therapy. Prior to his stroke, this gentleman was independent with all mobility and worked full-time running a heavy equipment corporation.

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Topics: Patient Success Story, Neuro Rehab

Electrical Stimulation Intervention to Treat Stroke Related Impairments

Posted by ACP on May 15, 2019 6:15:58 PM

Cerebral vascular accident (CVA), or stroke, affects 795,000 individuals each year and is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States, killing 140,000. Approximately 87% of all strokes are the ischemic-type. Additionally, it is the leading cause of serious long-term disability. Individuals who suffer stroke often have communication challenges, dysphagia, pain, edema, depression, limitations in mobility, and impaired functional ability.1,2

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Neuro Rehab

Improving Range of Motion of the Hand for Ability to Self-Feed Using Patterned Electrical Stimulation and Exercise

Posted by ACP on Mar 5, 2019 7:30:10 PM

Patient Information: Male, Age 94

Diagnosis: Chronic Kidney Disease / Generalized Weakness

History: Following hospitalization related to chronic kidney disease, this gentleman, a long-term skilled nursing facility resident, was referred to occupational therapy to address severely decreased range of motion (ROM) in his right hand which limited his ability to feed himself. Prior to the hospitalization, he was able to feed himself independently.

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Topics: Patient Success Story, Orthopedic, Neuro Rehab

OmniVR® “Virtual Reality” and Visual Field Deficits

Posted by ACP on Dec 3, 2018 9:35:37 PM

Stroke is a common diagnosis in rehabilitation and resultant visual field disorders can be a significant barrier to a successful rehabilitation program.

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Topics: Clinical Tip, Neuro Rehab

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